All Authority is Given to Me

Photo by Markus Spiske on Unsplash
The New Testament applies Psalm 110:1 to the present reign of Jesus. Already he possesses all authorityMatthew 28:18.

According to the New Testament, Jesus has reigned sovereign over the Cosmos ever since his Death and Resurrection. Already he reigns on the throne of David. He himself declared this to his disciples after his resurrection. As a result of his obedience unto death, God raised him from the dead and installed him on the messianic throne to reign over all the earth - [Photo by Markus Spiske on Unsplash].
  • (Matthew 28:18-20) - “And Jesus, coming near, spoke to them, saying, All authority in heaven and on earth is given to me; Go, therefore, and disciple all the nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I myself have commanded you. And, behold, I am with you all the days until the conclusion of the age.”
When he arrived in Caesarea Philippi, Jesus asked his disciples, “Who do men say that the Son of man is?” Peter gave the correct answer: “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” Then, Jesus disclosed that he must “go to Jerusalem and suffer many things of the elders, chief priests and scribes, and be killed,” though God would resurrect him on the third day - (Matthew 16:13-28).

Jesus summoned his disciples to follow his path by denying themselves and “taking up the cross” in self-sacrificial service – By its very nature, discipleship often means  unjust suffering. In the gospel of Mark, the Son of God is only recognized when he died on a Roman cross. God would raise him from the dead, and one day, he would return in glory to judge all things, but not before he first endured unjust suffering and death at the hands of the unrighteous.

Christ promised that some of his disciples would not die until they saw the “Son of man coming in his kingdom,” a clause that alludes to a vision from the book of Daniel:
  • I continued looking in the visions of the night, when, behold, with the clouds of the heavens, one like a son of man was coming, and to the Ancient of days he approached, and before him they brought him near; and to him were given dominion and dignity and kingship, that all peoples, races and tongues unto him should do service, his dominion was an everlasting dominion, which should not pass away, and his kingdom that which should not be destroyed” – (Daniel 7:13-14).
After his resurrection, Jesus declared that “all authority has been given to me in heaven and on earth.” As the resurrected Messiah, he laid claim to ALL authority, whether in heaven or on the earth, just as foreseen by the Prophet Daniel. His words also echoed the messianic prophecy from the second Psalm:
  • (Psalm 2:7-8) – “Let me tell of a decree, Yahweh said to me, You are my son. I, this day, have begotten you. Ask of me and let me give nations as your inheritance, and as your possession, the ends of the earth.”
This absolute authority is precisely why Jesus commanded his disciples to proclaim the gospel to all nations. From then on, he was (and is) the sovereign over all the nations, the “ruler of the kings of the earth.” His disciples were to proclaim his rule over all the earth:
  • (Revelation 1:5-6) – “And from Jesus Christ, the Faithful Witness, the Firstborn of the Dead, and the Ruler of the Kings of the Earth. To him that loves us and loosed us out of our sins with his blood and made us a kingdom, priests to his God and Father, To him be the glory and the dominion unto the ages. Amen.
Because of his faithfulness, God raised him from the dead and made him the absolute sovereign over the Cosmos:
  • (Acts 2:34-36) – “For David has not ascended into the heavens; but he said himself, Said the Lord to my Lord, Sit at my right hand until I make your foes your footstool. Assuredly, then, let all the house of Israel know: that both Lord and Christ has God made him, even the same Jesus whom ye crucified.
  • (Ephesians 1:20-22) – “Which he energized in the Christ when he raised him from among the dead, and seated him at his right hand in the heavenlies, Over-above all principality, authority, and power, and lordship, and every name that is named, not only in this age, but also in the coming one. And did put all things in subjection beneath his feet. And gave him to be head over all things unto the assembly.
Already, because of his Death and Resurrection, Jesus has all the authority necessary to reign over the Cosmos. He is not waiting to receive sovereignty or authority at some future point. Because he possesses all power and authority, he dispatches his disciples to proclaim the good news of his reign to all nations. Anyone who rejects his “good news” defies the sovereignty of the Son of Man, and thus, aligns with the “the nations that rage” against Yahweh’s anointed - (Psalm 2:1-2).




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