Reigning from Zion

According to the Psalmist, the “Son” will be anointed to reign on the Throne of David “on my holy mount.” According to the New Testament, that king is Jesus of Nazareth, and his rule began following his resurrection and ascension. Ever since his enthronement, he has been extending his sovereignty to the “uttermost parts of the Earth” as his heralds proclaim the “Kingdom of God” to the nations.

High Mountain - Photo by Matheus Bandoch on Unsplash
[Photo by Matheus Bandoch on Unsplash]

Two Psalms are applied by the writers of the New Testament to portray Jesus as the ideal king who now sits on the Davidic Throne:

  • (Psalm 2:6-9) – “Yet I have installed my king, on Zion my holy mountain. Let me tell of a decree, Yahweh said to me: You are My son; I, this day, have begotten you. Ask of me and let me give nations as your inheritance, and as your possession the ends of the Earth. You shall rule them with a scepter of iron, as a potter’s vessel shalt thou dash them in pieces.”
  • (Psalm 110:1) – “Yahweh said to my Lord: Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies your footstool.

Through the Psalmist, God promises that his anointed king will reign on the royal Throne on Mount Zion, and the Apostolic Tradition applies these prophecies to the PRESENT status of Jesus. Moreover, it places the commencement of his reign immediately after his resurrection and ascension.

Both psalms are prominent in the Letter to the Hebrews. When contrasting the “Son” with angels, it asks, “To which of the angels said he ever, YOU ARE MY SON, THIS DAY HAVE I BEGOTTEN YOU?”

Already, the Son has “achieved the purification of sin and therefore SAT DOWN ON THE RIGHT HAND of the Majesty on high.” As the Son and designated King, he inherited the name “more excellent than the angels” – (Hebrews 1:3-65:5).

On the Day of Pentecost, Peter preached to a crowd of Jewish pilgrims after the fledgling church received the Gift of the Spirit, and he concluded it by declaring:

  • God had sworn with an oath that of the fruit of David’s loins he would set one upon his throne. Foreseeing this, he spoke of the resurrection of Christ, that neither was he left to Hades nor did his flesh see corruption. This Jesus did God raise up… Being, therefore, exalted by the right-hand of God, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured forth this that you see and hear. For David ascended not into the heavens, but he says, THE LORD SAID TO MY LORD, SIT ON MY RIGHT-HAND UNTIL I MAKE YOUR ENEMIES YOUR FOOTSTOOL. Let all Israel know assuredly that God has made him both Lord and Christ” – (Acts 2:30-36).

Thus, his exaltation to the Messianic Throne occurred because of his death and resurrection, and ever since he has reigned as the Lord and “Messiah” from the Divine Throne.


Likewise, Paul declares that God promised to raise up a king from David’s seed, and this was fulfilled in the “Savior, Jesus.” Though the Temple leaders conspired to destroy him, “God raised him from the dead,” just as it is “written in the second psalm, YOU ARE MY SON, THIS DAY HAVE I BEGOTTEN YOU.”  And He gave him “the holy and sure blessings of David.”

Paul is explicit. The resurrection of Jesus marks the start of his reign. This means he is not waiting for any future event before his rule begins - (Acts 13:22-40, Romans 1:1-4).

Similarly, in Ephesians, Paul reminds us how God “raised Jesus from the dead and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places… And PUT ALL THINGS UNDER HIS FEET and gave him to be the head over all things to the church” – (Ephesians 1:20-22).

Likewise, to the Corinthians, Paul writes that Jesus was raised from the dead and installed to reign on David’s Throne since “he must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet. The last enemy that shall be abolished is death. For GOD PUT ALL THINGS IN SUBJECTION UNDER HIS FEET” – (1 Corinthians 15:20-26).

He endured the cross, then he “SAT DOWN AT THE RIGHT HAND OF THE THRONE OF GOD.” He achieved the “purification of sins”; therefore, he now reigns at God’s right hand, “angels and authorities and powers being made subject to him” – (1 Peter 3:22Hebrews 1:310:12-13, 12:2).


As for “Zion,” the ancient city of Jerusalem foreshadowed the true and greater “Zion,” the Jerusalem that is “above.” Under the old covenant, the saints were seeking the “city which has the foundations, whose builder and maker is God… But they desired a better country, that is, a heavenly, wherefore God…has prepared for them a city.”

Likewise, rather than Mount Sinai, the church is approaching “Mount Zion, to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem.” Everlasting life and all the covenant promises are received in the city of “New Jerusalem” – (Hebrews 11:10-16, 12:22, 13:12-14, Revelation 21:1-8).

In the opening salutation of Revelation, Jesus is declared to be the “RULER OF THE KINGS OF THE EARTH.” His high status is based on his past death and resurrection. He is “the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead.” He is the long-promised king who “SHEPHERDS THE NATIONS” – (Revelation 1:4-6, 2:26-273:21, 5:10).

And so, he is the “Living one, and I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore.” As the Messiah and King, he possesses the “keys of death and of Hades” – Even the realm of the dead is not beyond his authority.

He is the faithful one who holds the “key of David, who opens, and no one closes, who closes, and no one opens.” And he now summons his followers to “overcome” in the same manner that he did. If they do so, they will sit with him on his Throne – (“Just as I overcame and took my seat on my Father’s throne” - Revelation 1:17, 3:7, 3:21).

He is the “lion of the tribe of Judah,” but he fulfills that role as the sacrificial Lamb and all creation declares him “worthy to receive power… To him that sits on the Throne and to the Lamb be the dominion forever and ever.” It was the Lamb who received all authority and now rules over the Cosmos from God’s “Throne” – (Revelation 1:18, 3:75:5-12, 12:5,22:16).

In Chapter 14 of Revelation, the “Lamb” is found standing with the priestly company of the 144,000 on “Mount Zion.” This company is the “first fruits” of the greater harvest about to be reaped from the Earth.

The 144,000 priests on Zion bear his name on their foreheads. In contrast, the “Inhabitants of the Earth” take the “mark of the Beast” and render homage to him, the same “Beast” who reigns from the “throne of Satan.” Thus, in Revelation, the reign of Jesus from “Zion” is a present reality, and it is contrasted with the tyranny of the “Beast” who operates with the authority of the “Dragon.”

The New Testament tells a consistent story. Already, Jesus reigns over the nations from the Divine Throne. He is the Messiah and Davidic king, the anointed Son of Yahweh who reigns from the greater “Zion.” His exaltation and sovereignty are the result of his obedience unto death and subsequent resurrection from the dead.

His reign is A PRESENT REALITY, and it is not limited to the ancient city of Jerusalem or the territory of Palestine. Instead, he reigns over the Earth, indeed, the entire Cosmos.



To the Ends of the Earth

The Foundation